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  Science News
  April 14, 2004

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Hunt For Earth-Like Planets Intensifies - SpaceDaily  An international group of astronomers led by Dr. Jean-Philippe Beaulieu (Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris) and Dr. Martin Dominik (University of St Andrews) are about to continue their hunt for extrasolar planets with an enhanced world-wide telescope network in May this year. They are hoping to secure the firm evidence for the existence of Earth-mass planets orbiting stars other than the Sun, which has so far eluded astronomers. Dr Dominik will describe the project, known as PLANET (Probing Lensing Anomalies NETwork), at the Royal Astronomical Society National Astronomy Meeting at the Open University on Thursday 1 April. From the 500-700 microlensing events announced annually by the survey campaigns OGLE and MOA that monitor tens of millions of stars on a daily basis.
Life Beneath The Ice - SpaceDaily  The high-resolution Galileo images and other data revolutionised our knowledge of Europa's surface and interior structure, making it seem more likely that the ice is (at least at some times and in some places) relatively thin (much less than 10 km) and overlying a liquid water ocean. The images showed localized areas of 'melt-through' demonstrated by 'chaos' regions, where detached rafts of the icy shell can be seen dispersed in a now-refrozen matrix. This sort of environment is currently regarded as the most likely place for life on Earth to have begun, and life on Europa could have arisen in just the same way. If so, life could survive there today, supported by chemical energy in the same way that the 'hydrothermal vents' on Earth's ocean floors support ecosystems that do not depend on sunlight.  

Europe Targets Human Exploration Of The Moon And Mars - SpaceDaily  These are exciting times for space exploration. For the first time in a generation, human missions beyond Earth orbit are being seriously considered by space agencies on both sides of the Atlantic. Europe has initiated the Aurora programme, with the ultimate aim of landing people on Mars by 2033, while the US has recently redirected its human space activities towards a return to the Moon. Europe's Aurora programme could be a major part of such a strategy. The UK will shortly have to decide whether or not to participate in the human spaceflight aspects of Aurora. 

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Alzheimer's Disease:

Biosciences:
4/14/2004: UT Southwestern Researchers Reveal Mechanisms Of Smooth-muscle Contraction - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Three New South American Fish Identified
 - Science Daily
4/14/2004: 'Crystal Engineering' Helps Scientists Solve 3-D Protein Structures - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Genetic Trick Adapted From Viruses Makes Gene Therapy Vectors More Versatile - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Female Gluttony Blamed On Male Tick - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Good Eyes For Living Below Ground - SpaceDaily
4/14/2004: Treaty Favors GM Crop Protection - SpaceDaily
4/14/2004: Chip-Camera Combo Tracks Viruses  - Technology Review 
4/14/2004: In Cloning Debate, a Compromise  - Wired News
4/14/2004: State's rice farmers fear biotech incursion Proposal for genetically engineered crop could threaten lucrative... - FirstScience
4/14/2004: 'Monkey king gene' proves gene split- Chinese scientist... - FirstScience
4/14/2004: Australian scientists find gene responsible for rice poisoning... - FirstScience

Climate, Environment:
4/14/2004: ASIRAS, A New ESA Airborne Instrument Sees Ice For The First Time - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Loggerhead Sea Turtles Nesting Earlier Due To Warmer Ocean Temperatures - Science Daily
4/14/2004: How Long Does It Take for Earth's Magnetic Field to Reverse? - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Europe Tries Carbon Trading - SpaceDaily
4/14/2004: When North Becomes South: New Clues to Earth's Mangetic Flip-Flops - Space.com
4/14/2004: Near-record deforestation in Brazil area... - FirstScience
4/14/2004: Belgium 'needs nuclear to beat global warming'... - FirstScience
4/14/2004: World art exhibition on environmental protection tours in China... - FirstScience
4/14/2004: Urgent action needed to stop rapid rate of Amazon deforestation... - FirstScience
4/14/2004: Brazil loses rain forest size of Mass... - FirstScience

Computers:
Devices
4/14/2004: Nostalgia Keeps Games Afloat  - Wired News

Communications

Technology
4/14/2004: Samsung preps 64-Mbit phase-change RAM - Silicon Strategies
4/14/2004: Intel debuts four processors for value notebooks - Silicon Strategies
4/14/2004: Sturdy Quantum Computing Demoed  - Technology Review 

PC's

Internet
4/14/2004: Turning Search Into a Science  - Wired News

Miscellaneous
4/14/2004: Medical Mood Ring  - Technology Review 
4/14/2004: The Pure Software Act of 2006  - Technology Review 
4/14/2004: Global Music Sales Plummet  - Wired News

Energy:

Health:
Cardiovascular
4/14/2004: Jefferson Scientists Use Gene Therapy To Restore Function Of Damaged Heart Cells In Lab - Science Daily

Cancer  
4/14/2004: Duke Scientists Overcome Immune Resistance In Dendritic Cell Vaccines For Cancer - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Molecular Analyses Of Leukemia Patients Suggest Strategies For Better Treatments - Science Daily
4/14/2004: High Ejaculation Frequency May Be Linked To A Decreased Risk Of Prostate Cancer - Science Daily

Infectious
4/14/2004: Cell Research Uncovers Intriguing Clues To 'Trojan Horse' Gene In HIV Infection - Science Daily

Non-Infectious
4/14/2004: Study Says Second-hand Smoke Affects Healing, Promotes Scarring - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Two new asthma genes discovered...  - BBC

Miscellaneous
4/14/2004: Novel Animal Model Of Tinnitus Propel Researchers Forward In Search For Tinnitus Treatment - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Study Of Growth Hormone Treatment And Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Underscores Need For Prevention Of Adrenal Crises - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Hormone Linked To Obesity Plays Positive Role In Fertility And Possibly Male Arousal - Science Daily

History, Anthropology:
4/14/2004: Paleontologists Use Computer To 'Morph' Deformed Fossils Back To Their Original Shapes

Miscellaneous:
4/14/2004: Research Shows Explosives Remain Part Of Human Hair - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Vintners search globally for oak with distinction - Seattle Times
4/14/2004: Earth Impact Effects Program - SpaceDaily
4/14/2004: Experts Call on Senate for Support for Near-Earth Object Search - Space.com
4/14/2004: The Ends of the Earth  - Wired News
4/14/2004: See-Through Voting Software  - Wired News
4/14/2004: AOL Learns From The Apprentice  - Wired News
4/14/2004: Tracking the Blackout Bug  - Wired News
4/14/2004: As Tax Deadline Approaches, Web Beckons  - Wired News
4/14/2004: Bioterror Detectors Go High-Tech  - Wired News

Neurosciences:
4/14/2004: Genetic Basis Of Hereditary Nerve Disorder Revealed - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Brain Activity, Including Memory-processing, Changes In Tourette Syndrome - Science Daily

Physics and Astronomy:
4/14/2004: Hunt For Earth-Like Planets Intensifies - SpaceDaily
4/14/2004: Titan Casts Revealing Shadow
 - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Milky Way Past Was More Turbulent Than Previously Known - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Here There Be Data: Mapping The Landscape Of Science - Science Daily
4/14/2004: SOHO Sees Its 750th Comet - Science Daily
4/14/2004: NASA Stuntmen to Catch Sun's Rays  - Wired News
4/14/2004: Outer Planets Could Warm Up as Sun Dies...
 - FirstScience
4/14/2004: Astronomers map stars in Milky Way galaxy...
 - FirstScience
4/14/2004: Hubble Sees Stars as Numerous as Grains of Sand in Nearby Galaxy...
 - FirstScience

Prolongevity

Robotics:

Space:
4/14/2004: Life Beneath The Ice - SpaceDaily
4/14/2004: 
Europe Targets Human Exploration Of The Moon And Mars - SpaceDaily
4/14/2004: NASA Spacecraft Locks The Vault On Its Sapphire, Diamond Payload - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Casino Fortune Pledges to Fill NASA Budget Gap with Seat on Shuttle... - FirstScience
4/14/2004: NASA Mars Picture of the Day: Ariadnes Colles... - FirstScience
4/14/2004: NASA Mars Odyssey THEMIS Image: Arsia Mons Flows in Infrared... - FirstScience
4/14/2004: NASA Chiefs: Managers Must Embrace Change
 - ABC
4/14/2004: NASA Gives Mars Rovers Software Upgrade
 - ABC
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Technology:
4/14/2004: Stretching The Imagination: Scientists Create 'Liquid Crystal Elastomers' With Amazing Properties - Science Daily
4/14/2004: Nanotechnology And Health- Rochester Expert Warns Of Toxicity In New Wave Of Science - Science Daily
4/14/2004: AMP-Ohio Uses Spacenet To Monitor and Control Power Network - SpaceDaily
4/14/2004: Nano Writing  - Technology Review 
4/14/2004: DVD Allows Viewers to Skip Offensive Content  - Wired News

  




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