"The concept of "accumulation of advantage" (Merton, 1968) in the achievement of scientific eminence was examined by Zuckerman (1977) in a retrospective study of 74 Laureates who won the Nobel Prize between 1901-1972. Through intensive interviews, Zuckerman identified the process by which this select group of talented individuals was labeled "comers" and thereby gained privileged access to resources and mentors. A majority (59%) of the Laureates in the study attended one of 15 elite undergraduate institutions. For their doctoral degrees, 74% of her subjects attended either Harvard, Columbia, Berkeley, Johns Hopkins, or Princeton. Over half of the Laureates had worked either as students, postdoctoral fellows, or junior collaborators under previous Nobel Prize winners. Through that apprenticeship they received an orientation to scientific standards and modes of thought, including the feel for elegant solutions or important problems." from Beyond Terman: contemporary longitudinal studies of giftedness and talent Edited by Subotnik and Arnold, Abex Publishing Corporation, Norwood, New Jersey, 1994, pg. 4.