Black Hole Mass vs. Galactic Bulge

From " Black Holes Shed Light On Galaxy Formation", ScienceDaily, 6/7/2000
For additional information, contact the Space Telescope Science Institute at

  A study of galaxies has revealed that they appear to have formed around small black holes that then accumulated about 0.2% of the total mass of each galaxy. At that point, the angular momentum of the remaining 99.8% of each galaxy's mass prevented it from falling into the black hole, and instead, left it orbiting around its central singularity. Consequently, the masses of black holes are a function of the masses of their associated galaxies. Some super-size elliptical galaxies with large central bulges exhibit black holes with one to two billion solar masses, unlike our small-bulge Milky Way galaxy, with a central black hole estimated at a few million solar masses.
     The figure below  depicts this relationship.

    Another interesting conclusion is that in their early accretion phases, when matter was falling into them at a maximum rate, these black holes were quasars, or to say it another way, quasars may be black holes in their early accretion phases.

   The original press release may be found at

   Additional Hubble information may be found at Hubble info