9/8/2005:

Intermediate Word:  pellucid (a) murky  (b) simple  (c) capable of bending light  (d) transparent
Difficult Word: - Hakenkreutz  (a) World War I Austrian general  (b) 19th-century Prussian admiral  (c) swastika  (d) spinning aerial fireworks

1 Million Japanese Prepare For "Big One" - SpaceDaily  Left:  Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi (C) arrives at the joint emergency drill site in Chiba city, east of Tokyo, 01 September 2005. Around 7,000 people and 330 vehicles joined the drill while more than one million people across earthquake-prone Japan took part in drills to prepare for disasters, with the annual event focusing on tsunamis in the wake of last year's Indian Ocean tragedy.  The drill came two weeks after Japan's fears of the dreaded "Big One" were renewed by an earthquake registering 7.2 on the Richter scale off the northern coast, which injured around 60 people but miraculously killed no one. Japan has been a major donor to countries hit by the December 26 Indian Ocean tsunami, which killed more than 217,000 people, and has since then stepped up drives to increase awareness of the seismic waves. The drill prepared for commonly-forecast scenarios such as an earthquake of 7.3 on the Richter scale hitting Tokyo Bay.  
M Dwarfs: The Search For Life Is On  - BBC  Left:  The number of HabCat stars, as a function of distance for M-type stars (solid red histogram), K stars (dark-hatched green histogram), G stars (light-hatched violet histogram), F stars (horizontal-lined yellow histogram), and all stars (open blue histogram). Inset, Allen Telescope Array. Credit: Turnbull, Tarter. See larger image.  AM: Historically, most scientists thought M dwarfs were unlikely candidates as host stars for habitable worlds. Why?  TH: The problem for the M dwarfs is that their habitable zones are very narrow. You would have to put a planet right in that narrow habitable zone for it to have liquid water on its surface. But if you integrate the total amount of habitable zone around M dwarfs versus G dwarfs, you get about the same amount. Because there are so many more M dwarfs. 

Finding A Way To Test For Dark Energy  - BBC  Left: The SuperNova/Acceleration Probe, SNAP, is a satellite designed to study dark energy through the discovery and precision measurement of thousands of distant supernovae. In their paper in Physical Review Letters Linder and Caldwell describe two scenarios, one they call "thawing" and one they call "freezing," which point toward distinctly different fates for our permanently expanding universe. Under the thawing scenario, the acceleration of the expansion will gradually decrease and eventually come to a stop  Under the freezing scenario, acceleration continues indefinitely, like a car with the gas pedal pushed to the floor




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