7/21/2004:

Intermediate Word: 
consanguinity
  (a) collusion  (b) guilt  (c) covered with blood  (d) blood relationship
Difficult Word: - hypocaust  (a) curve of an Ionic capital  (b) curve traced out by a point on a rolling circle  (c) underfloor space for heat duct  (d) alkaline water under a cave floor

Light On A Chip Potential Seen By Scientists Spoofing Natural Phenomenon - SpaceDaily  An ultrafine nanometre 'drill' could be used to make some of the tiniest lenses imaginable and may also allow scientists to harness light for use in optical computers of the future, thanks to research published today. Scientists from the UK and Spain describe in this week's Science Express (8 July) how artificial materials with tiny grooves and holes drilled into their surfaces could channel and focus light beams on a chip. When light hits the surface of a metal such as silver, as well as a reflection, another form of light is excited at the surface.
Advanced Systems Required For New Generation Of Automated Cars - SpaceDaily  "As engines move toward hybrid and fully electric designs, new motors, generators, converters-inverters, and storage batteries have to be developed," says Technical Insights Research Analyst Joe Constance. "New vehicles are expected to have 42-volt (V) battery systems by 2020." Increasing the working voltage of the battery will make it possible to shrink the physical size of the wiring harness to half its current size. This will not only reduce manufacturing costs but also decrease the size of other components such as electric window motors.

Terraforming Mars, The Noble Experiment? - SpaceDaily  Mars Society founder, Robert Zubrin, talks about how to terraform the red planet. His engineer's eye reveals his robust plans for not just getting to a new home, but also how to build one from scratch. 1. A century to settle Mars and create a substantial local industrial capability and population. 2. A half century producing fluorocarbon gases (like CF4) to warm the planet by ~10 C. 3. A half century for CO2 to outgas from the soil under the impetus of the fluorocarbon gases, thickening the atmosphere to 0.2 to 0.3 bar, and raising the planetary temperature a further 40 C.





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