12/30/2004:

Intermediate Word:  gallowglass -  (a) medieval "bottle glass",  characterized by round, magnifying disks  (b) yellowish glass  (c) glass of brandy offered to the condemned before hanging  (d) Irish mercenary
Difficult Word: - holozoic   (a)   (b) common to all life forms  (c) period following the archeozoic  (d) eats organic material
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Sketch of ancient Norte Chico people, NIU First Andes civilization explored  - BBC  An ancient civilisation was flourishing in Peru over 5,000 years ago, making it the oldest known complex society in the Americas, Nature magazine has reported. The society, whose heyday ran from 3000 to 1800BC, built ceremonial pyramids and complex irrigation systems. There were about 20 separate residential centres, which seemed to compete with each other to produce the most imposing architecture - some creating buildings as high as 26m (85ft). "Some people would say they were not a civilisation," said Professor Creamer. "They had very few arts and crafts for example - they were pre-ceramic.   
Vaccine Vaccine 'may stop heart disease'     It works by priming the immune system to recognise types of cholesterol in the blood as foreign, so that it attacks and destroys them. New Scientist magazine reports animal tests by Sweden's Lund University found the jab could significantly reduce the build up of harmful deposits  By 2010, the British government wants deaths from heart disease slashed by 40% from when it took office in 1997, as part of a campaign to raise life expectancy by three years for men and two-and-a-half years for women. Mice given the LDL jab showed as much as a 70% reduction in the number of plaques, while existing plaques appeared to stop growing..

Aging Universe May Still Be Spawning Massive Galaxies - SpaceDaily  Left:  This artist's conception illustrates the decline in our universe's "birth-rate" over time. When the universe was young, massive galaxies were forming regularly, like baby bees in a bustling hive. In time, the universe bore fewer and fewer "offspring," and newborn galaxies (white circles) matured into older ones more like our own Milky Way (spirals).   NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer has spotted what appear to be massive "baby" galaxies in our corner of the universe. Previously, astronomers thought the universe's birth rate had dramatically declined and only small galaxies were forming. These new galaxies are relatively close to us, ranging from two to four billion light-years away. This suggests our aging universe is still youthful.




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