12/28/2005:

Intermediate Word:  palladium (a) an alloy of platinum and iridium  (b) a safeguard  (c) an entertainment arena  (d) a crown
Difficult Word: - furfuraceous - (a)
branching, with branching sub-branches, and sub-sub-branches  (b) covered with scaly particles  (c) thickly furred  (d) puffy

New EU Project On Ferroelectric Films - SpaceDaily  Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden, has together with five European partners started a three year project, Nanostar, for mastering of nanostructured multifunctional ferroelectric films for low cost mass production of microwave devices. The main focus will be on the development of theory, fabrication processes and device demonstrators for functional validation of nanostructured multifunctional ferroelectric films and components applicable in microwave communication. Ferroelectrics considered in the project are complex metal oxide dielectrics and barium and strontium titanat, characterized by high dielectric permittivity. "The devices based on these films offer a substantial reduction of cost, sizes and power consumption, i.e. features useful for power hungry microwave systems, especially in portable devices such as mobile phones, etc.     
Laws of Nature Hold Fast So Far - SpaceDaily  Left:  The Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope. Credit: NRAO/AUI/NSF.  "The fundamental constants of physics are expected to remain fixed across space and time; that's why they're called constants! Now, however, new theoretical models for the basic structure of matter indicate that they may change. We're testing these predictions." Said Nissim Kanekar. So far, the scientists' measurements show no change in the constants. "We've put the most stringent limits yet on some changes in these constants, but that's not the end of the story," said Christopher Carilli, another NRAO astronomer. The astronomers were looking for changes in two quantities: the ratio of the masses of the electron and the proton, and a number physicists call the fine structure constant, a combination of the electron charge, the speed of light and the Planck constant.  

Honda Producing Next-Gen Solar Cells - SpaceDaily  Honda Motor said Monday it will begin mass producing next-generation solar panels for household use from 2007. Honda, which was the first major automaker to enter the market, said it will use thin film solar cell made of a compound of copper, indium, gallium and selenium -- instead of the usual silicon. Honda said the next-generation solar panels -- which had already been developed but had earlier proved difficult to mass-produce -- would ultimately cut production costs. The production system will require only half the energy to produce a conventional solar cell and lower carbon-dioxide emissions by 50 percent, Honda said. The new production system will initially have an annual capacity to produce about 27.5 megawatts worth of solar cells, enough for 8,000 households a year




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