Intermediate Word:  refulgence   (a) full to the brim  (b) brilliance  (c) fatuousness  (d) eminence
Difficult Word: - novena  (a) debut  (b) new initiate  (c) de novo  (d) prayer for nine days

Larsen B ice shelf   British Antarctic Survey World 'will act on climate gases'  - BBC  Left: The Larsen B ice shelf will collapse: An "instructive disaster"  Sir Crispin Tickell, a former diplomat and government adviser, says urgent action is needed because climate change is more serious even than terrorism. Many in the US administration are "in a state of denial", he says, but other US attitudes on climate are changing fast. The six main threats he believes are pushing the environment to the edge are: population increase; land degradation and waste; water pollution and supply; climate change; energy production and use; and the destruction of biodiversity.  
A British tank and crew in the desert Sarin 'Gulf war syndrome cause'  - BBC  Left:  Some 6,000 Gulf War veterans have suffered from various complaints  New Scientist magazine has reported a leak of a US inquiry into the ill-health of veterans of the 1991 war. The US Department of Veterans Affairs' Research Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses is due to publish its findings next week. But the magazine said researchers have found neural damage consistent with the nerve agent used by Saddam Hussein. The New York Times newspaper reported last month that US scientists believed the syndrome did exist and was caused by "toxic exposure" but it was not clear whether this was from drugs or nerve agents.

Supernova 1987A   Nasa/P. Challis/r. Kirshner/B. Sugerman

Supernova produces cosmic rays  - BBC  Astronomers claim to have found the first firm evidence that cosmic rays can come from stars that have exploded, or supernova remnants. The radiation is probably generated by the supernova remnant "accelerating" cosmic ray electrons, Nature reports. The mechanism through which the expanding remnants of supernovae accelerate particles has already been worked out in theory. But unequivocal evidence for the production of high energy particles by these shattered stars has proven surprisingly hard to find. RX J1713.7-3946 exploded some 1,000 years ago, leaving behind an expanding shell of debris.

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