10/15/2004:

Intermediate Word:  trope   (a) figure of speech  (b) tic  (c) personal preference  (d) cape
Difficult Word: - dalmio  (a) fortified compound  (b) Mexican cream-colored dog  (c) hereditary Japanese nobleman  (d) minor magistrate

The Last Supernova: 400-Year-Old Explosion Imaged - Space.com  Four hundred years ago this week, a previously unseen star, about 13,000 light-years away, suddenly appeared in the night sky. Discovered on Oct. 9, 1604, it was brighter than all other stars. The German astronomer Johannes Kepler studied the star for a year, and wrote a book about it titled "De Stella Nova" ("The New Star"). In the 1940s scientists realized the object was an exploded star, and they called it Kepler's supernova. 
Novel Melt Curve Of Hydrogen Points At Possible Existence Of New Superfluid State - SpaceDaily  Left:  This figure illustrates the transition from a molecular solid (top) to a quantum liquid (bottom) that is expected to occur in hydrogen under high pressure. Image courtesy: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  Scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have discovered a new melt curve of hydrogen, resulting in the possible existence of a novel superfluid - a brand new state of matter. "Our results show that a quantum fluid at around 4 million atmospheres of pressure is possible, at very low temperature" Bonev said. "Contrary to intuitive expectations, we discovered that the melting temperature versus pressure curve has a maximum, which is not directly related to molecular disassociation, but rather to changes in the intermolecular interactions in the fluid phase, occurring at high pressure"   

Analysis: Iran's Missile Capabilities - SpaceDaily  Today, we have the capability of launching missiles with a range of 2,000 kilometers (1,250 miles), and those familiar with this type of technology know that whoever has this capability can proceed to the subsequent stages, said former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, according to the official Islamic Republic News Agency. Iran seems to have learned a hard lesson from years of destructive war between 1980 and 1988, when most of its major cities, including Tehran, came under repeated attacks of Iraqi Scud missiles by Saddam Hussein's regime. Rafsanjani remains among the most influential politicians in Iran.





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