1/26/2005:

Intermediate Word:  florin -  (a) flowers used to lend fragrance to perfume  (b) Belgian bank note  (c) two-shilling piece  (d) papal attache
Difficult Word: - Balaam  (a) Philistine god to whom human sacrifices were made  (b) Persian poet  (c) Colossus of Rhoades  (d) rebuked by his ass
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Aluminum Clusters Reveal New Form of Chemistry - SpaceDaily  Left: Artist's rendition of an aluminum-iodine "Superatom" identified by the Castleman group at Penn State and the Khanna group at Virginia Commonwealth University. Credit: D.E. Bergeron, P.J. Roach, A.W. Castleman, N.O. Jones, and S.N. Khanna   A research team has discovered clusters of aluminum atoms that have chemical properties similar to single atoms of metallic and nonmetallic elements when they react with iodine.  The discovery opens the door to using 'superatom chemistry' based on a new periodic table of cluster elements to create unique compounds with distinctive properties never seen before. "Depending on the number of aluminum atoms in the cluster, we have demonstrated 'superatoms' exhibiting the properties of either halogens or alkaline earth metals," says Castleman. The discovery could have practical applications in the fields of medicine, food production and photography.
Plastics Made From Orange Peel And A Greenhouse Gas - SpaceDaily  Left:  Cornell University researchers have discovered how to make plastics from citrus fruits such as oranges and carbon dioxide. Limonene oxide and carbon dioxide are combined with the help of a catalyst. Linonene, found in more than 300 plant species, makes up about 95% of the oil in orange peel.  By using their catalyst to combine the limonene oxide and CO2, the Coates group produced a novel polymer - called polylimonene carbonate - that has many of the characteristics of polystyrene, a petroleum-based plastic currently used to make many disposable plastic products. "Almost every plastic out there goes back to the use of petroleum as a building block," Coates observes. 

Consortium Formed to Study Acoustic Fusion - SpaceDaily  Left:  File photo of a Fusion beaker. In AICF (acoustic inertial confinement fusion), sound waves bombard a liquid such as heavy water, to create tiny void "bubbles" or "cavities" of deuterium a/k/a heavy hydrogen. This produces very high temperatures and densities that, when high enough, fuse the heavy hydrogen into helium. That fusion releases enormous heat that could be used to create steam and drive a turbine to produce electricity.  The Acoustic Fusion Technology Energy Consortium (AFTEC) has been formed by leading academic and commercial institutions to research and develop acoustic inertial confinement fusion (AICF) and its related science, technologies, and equipment. "If AICF delivers on its potential, the impact would be enormous."




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